It is widely recognised that the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is being felt harder in low-income areas, than more affluent places. This paper sets out what we know to date about the impact of COVID-19 on young people living in poverty across Wales, and the effects of the pandemic on their participation in sport and physical activity. It brings together some of the latest evidence from Wales and the UK from the initial lockdown in March 2020 through to February 2021. As well as highlighting the impact of changing social and economic circumstances on individuals, we look at the impact on the supporting infrastructure that underpins activity – the workforce, volunteers and facilities that enable sport and leisure provision and participation to take place. All interconnect - and have had an immediate and likely long-term impact on people’s health and wellbeing.